1840: Introduction Hickory shafts
In 1840, golf clubs were introduced that were made of a different type of wood than the Dutch aspen. These sticks had hickorie wood shafts, a walnut from the hickorie tree (Carya), which grows mainly in North America.
This wood turned out to be much better suited for golf clubs than the wood of the Dutch Ash or Ash. It is supple and very strong and knot-free over a large length. It is also called hammer handle wood, because it is used for the handles of hammers and axes.